Document
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________
FORM 10-Q
__________________
x
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2017
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from          to
    
Commission file number 001-35662
__________________
QUALYS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________
Delaware
 
77-0534145
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification Number)

1600 Bridge Parkway, Redwood City, California 94065
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(650) 801-6100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
__________________

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
Non-accelerated filer
o
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
 
Smaller reporting company
o
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The number of shares of the Registrant's common stock outstanding as of July 31, 2017 was 37,521,887.


Table of Contents

Qualys, Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
 
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 



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Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
Qualys, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 
June 30,
2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
130,572

 
$
86,737

Short-term investments
148,290

 
157,119

Accounts receivable, net of allowance of $687 and $702 as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively
46,359

 
47,024

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
19,055

 
9,808

Total current assets
344,276

 
300,688

Long-term investments
45,003

 
45,725

Property and equipment, net
42,768

 
39,401

Deferred tax assets, net
35,622

 
16,590

Intangible assets, net
801

 
987

Goodwill
317

 
317

Restricted cash
1,200

 
1,200

Other noncurrent assets
1,959

 
2,096

Total assets
$
471,946

 
$
407,004

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
1,924

 
$
2,051

Accrued liabilities
13,836

 
13,317

Deferred revenues, current
124,738

 
114,964

Total current liabilities
140,498

 
130,332

Deferred revenues, noncurrent
16,701

 
15,528

Other noncurrent liabilities
8,685

 
2,731

Total liabilities
165,884

 
148,591

Commitments and contingencies (Note 5)


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 1,000,000,000 shares authorized; 37,501,697 and 35,841,001 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
38

 
36

Additional paid-in capital
277,020

 
266,794

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(235
)
 
(156
)
Retained Earnings (Accumulated deficit)
29,239

 
(8,261
)
Total stockholders’ equity
306,062

 
258,413

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
471,946

 
$
407,004


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


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Qualys, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues
$
55,302

 
$
48,466

 
$
108,423

 
$
94,714

Cost of revenues
12,153

 
10,260

 
24,447

 
19,811

Gross profit
43,149

 
38,206

 
83,976

 
74,903

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
10,525

 
9,488

 
20,348

 
17,597

Sales and marketing
15,383

 
14,728

 
31,397

 
28,895

General and administrative
8,232

 
8,278

 
15,566

 
15,102

Total operating expenses
34,140

 
32,494

 
67,311

 
61,594

Income from operations
9,009

 
5,712

 
16,665

 
13,309

Other income (expense), net:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(3
)
 
(14
)
Interest income
541

 
290

 
1,022

 
540

Other expense, net
(180
)
 
(249
)
 
(206
)
 
(318
)
Total other income (expense), net
360

 
40

 
813

 
208

Income before income taxes
9,369

 
5,752

 
17,478

 
13,517

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes
2,167

 
2,214

 
(11,654
)
 
5,196

Net income
$
7,202

 
$
3,538

 
$
29,132

 
$
8,321

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.19

 
$
0.10

 
$
0.79

 
$
0.24

Diluted
$
0.18

 
$
0.09

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.22

Weighted average shares used in computing net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
37,277

 
35,120

 
36,887

 
34,869

Diluted
39,535

 
38,143

 
39,207

 
37,988


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements


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Qualys, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net income
$
7,202

 
$
3,538

 
$
29,132

 
$
8,321

Change in foreign currency translation loss, net of zero tax

 

 

 

Available-for-sale investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized gain (loss) on investments, net of tax
(29
)
 
80

 
(80
)
 
273

Less: reclassification adjustment for net realized gain included in net income
20

 
2

 
2

 
50

Net change, net of tax
(9
)
 
82

 
(78
)
 
323

Other comprehensive income (loss), net
(9
)
 
82

 
(78
)
 
323

Comprehensive income
$
7,193

 
$
3,620

 
$
29,054

 
$
8,644


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements



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Qualys, Inc.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
(in thousands)

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
29,132

 
$
8,321

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization expense
9,783

 
7,828

Bad debt expense
296

 
106

Loss on disposal of property and equipment
2

 
39

Stock-based compensation
10,779

 
10,019

Amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts on investments
850

 
390

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 
(3,713
)
Deferred income taxes
(20,897
)
 
(85
)
Excess tax benefits included in deferred tax assets
8,368

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
369

 
1,833

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(1,067
)
 
(83
)
Accounts payable
(206
)
 
(2
)
Accrued liabilities
109

 
4,886

Deferred revenues
10,947

 
4,237

Other non-current liabilities
477

 
685

Net cash provided by operating activities
48,942


34,461

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of investments
(102,665
)
 
(87,364
)
Sales and maturities of investments
111,288

 
75,156

Purchases of property and equipment
(13,179
)
 
(8,966
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(4,556
)
 
(21,174
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
14,603

 
9,496

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

 
3,713

Payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards
(15,154
)
 

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(551
)
 
13,209

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
43,835

 
26,496

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
86,737

 
91,698

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
130,572

 
$
118,194

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow disclosures:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment recorded in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
$
1,193

 
$
7,379

Cash paid for income taxes
$
540

 
$
631

Not yet received tenant allowance recorded in other assets, accrued liabilities and other non-current liabilities
$
8,076

 
$


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements



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Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

    
NOTE 1.
The Company and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

Qualys, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in the state of Delaware on December 30, 1999. The Company is headquartered in Redwood City, California and has majority-owned subsidiaries throughout the world. The Company is a pioneer and leading provider of cloud-based security and compliance solutions that enable organizations to identify security risks to their IT infrastructures, help protect their IT systems and applications from ever-evolving cyber-attacks and achieve compliance with internal policies and external regulations. The Company’s cloud solutions address the growing security and compliance complexities and risks that are amplified by the dissolving boundaries between internal and external IT infrastructures and web environments, the rapid adoption of cloud computing and the proliferation of geographically dispersed IT assets. Organizations can use the Company’s integrated suite of solutions delivered on its Qualys Cloud Platform to cost-effectively obtain a unified view of their security and compliance posture across globally-distributed IT infrastructures.

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and condensed footnotes have been prepared by the Company in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("U.S. GAAP") for interim financial information as well as the instructions to Form 10-Q and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016, included herein, was derived from the audited financial statements as of that date but does not include all disclosures, including notes required by U.S. GAAP. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods. The results of operations for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations expected for the entire year ending December 31, 2017 or for any other future annual or interim period. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the SEC on February 24, 2017.

Reclassification

The Company reclassified certain information technology expenses across the functions that benefit from their support. For the three months ended June 30, 2016, the Company reclassified $0.8 million out of general and administrative expenses. Of this amount the Company reclassified $0.2 million to cost of revenues, $0.3 million to research and development and $0.3 million to sales and marketing. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company reclassified $1.4 million out of general and administrative expenses. Of this amount the Company reclassified $0.3 million to cost of revenues, $0.6 million to research and development and $0.5 million to sales and marketing.

Recently adopted Accounting Pronouncements

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, (ASU 2016-09) intended to simplify and improve various aspects related to how employee-share based payment transactions are accounted for and presented in the financial statements. The ASU addresses income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, classification on the statement of cash flows and forfeiture rate calculations. This guidance is effective for public business entities in fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company adopted this guidance in its first quarter of 2017 and elected to apply this adoption prospectively. Prior periods have not been adjusted. The Company has made the accounting policy election to continue to estimate


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Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


forfeitures expected to occur to determine the amount of stock-based compensation expense to record each period. See Note 8 for information regarding the impact on the Company's financial statements.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
    
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), as amended, which will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance. Under ASU 2014-09, an entity is required to recognize revenue upon transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the expected consideration received in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 defines a five-step process in order to achieve this core principle, which may require the use of judgment and estimates, and also requires expanded qualitative and quantitative disclosures relating to the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers, including significant judgments and estimates used.

The FASB has recently issued several amendments to the new standard, including clarification on accounting for licenses of intellectual property and identifying performance obligations. The amendments include ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)-Principal versus Agent Considerations, which was issued in March 2016, and clarifies the implementation guidance for principal versus agent considerations in ASU 2014-09, and ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)-Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which was issued in April 2016, and amends the guidance in ASU 2014-09 related to identifying performance obligations and accounting for licenses of intellectual property. The new standard permits adoption either by using (i) a full retrospective approach for all periods presented in the period of adoption or (ii) a modified retrospective approach with the cumulative effect of initially applying the new standard recognized at the date of initial application and providing certain additional disclosures. The new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The Company will adopt the new standard effective January 1, 2018.
    
The Company is continuing to assess the impact of adopting ASU 2014-09 on its financial position, results of operations, cash flows and related disclosures and has not yet determined whether the effect will be material.  Additionally, as the Company continues to assess the new standard along with industry trends and additional interpretive guidance, the Company may adjust its implementation plan accordingly.  The Company currently believes the new standard will have the most significant impacts relating to the potential deferral of sales commissions and contract costs and the accounting for financing components of certain long term contracts.

The Company currently plans to adopt using the modified retrospective approach.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which will impact certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial instruments. The guidance will impact the accounting for equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. This guidance is effective for public business entities in fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires, among other things, lease assets and lease liabilities arising from leases, including operating leases, to be recognized on the balance sheet. In addition, this ASU requires disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. This guidance supersedes existing lease guidance and is effective for public business entities in fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Pursuant to the leasing criteria, most of our leased space and equipment leases will be capitalized assets on the balance sheet with an offsetting financing obligation.   In the statement of operations, what was formerly rent expense will be bifurcated into depreciation and interest expense. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this update on its consolidated financial statements.



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Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (a consensus of the Emerging Issues Task Force), to provide guidance on the presentation of certain cash receipts and cash payments in the statement of cash flows in order to reduce diversity in existing practice. The amendments in this ASU are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of this update on its consolidated financial statements.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash, which requires the statement of cash flows to explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Therefore, amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for public business entities in fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, which revises the definition of a business and provides new guidance in evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. This guidance will be effective for public business entities in fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017 on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted. The Company does not expect the standard to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic 350). This standard eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test, instead requiring an entity to recognize a goodwill impairment charge for the amount by which the goodwill carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. This guidance is effective for interim and annual goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 with early adoption permitted. This guidance must be applied on a prospective basis. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

NOTE 2.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. For certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including certain cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and other current liabilities, the carrying amounts approximate their fair values due to the relatively short maturity of these balances.

The Company measures and reports certain cash equivalents, investments and derivative foreign currency forward contracts at fair value in accordance with the provisions of the authoritative accounting guidance that addresses fair value measurements. This guidance establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of inputs as follows:

Level 1—Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2—Valuations based on other than quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

Level 3—Valuations based on inputs that are generally unobservable and typically reflect management’s estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.



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Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The Company's financial instruments consist of assets and liabilities measured using Level 1 and 2 inputs. Level 1 assets include a highly liquid money market fund, which is valued using unadjusted quoted prices that are available in an active market for an identical asset. Level 2 assets include fixed-income U.S. government agency securities, commercial paper, corporate bonds, asset-backed securities and derivative financial instruments consisting of foreign currency forward contracts. The securities, bonds and commercial paper are valued using prices from independent pricing services based on quoted prices in active markets for similar instruments or on industry models using data inputs such as interest rates and prices that can be directly observed or corroborated in active markets. The foreign currency forward contracts are valued using observable inputs, such as quotations on forward foreign exchange points and foreign interest rates.

The Company's cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, and long-term investments consist of the following:
 
June 30, 2017
  
Amortized Cost
 
Unrealized Gains
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
105,943

 
$

 
$

 
$
105,943

Money market funds
20,233

 

 

 
20,233

U.S. government agencies
4,396

 

 

 
4,396

Total
130,572

 

 

 
130,572

Short-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial paper
3,245

 

 

 
3,245

Corporate bonds
25,997

 
4

 
(23
)
 
25,978

U.S. government agencies
119,242

 

 
(175
)
 
119,067

Total
148,484

 
4

 
(198
)
 
148,290

Long-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset-backed securities
3,472

 

 
(1
)
 
3,471

U.S. government agencies
14,274

 

 
(30
)
 
14,244

Corporate bonds
27,298

 
20

 
(30
)
 
27,288

Total
45,044

 
20

 
(61
)
 
45,003

Total
$
324,100

 
$
24

 
$
(259
)
 
$
323,865

 
December 31, 2016
  
Amortized Cost
 
Unrealized Gains
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
Cash and cash equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
$
72,673

 
$

 
$

 
$
72,673

Money market funds
473

 

 

 
473

Commercial paper
13,591

 

 

 
13,591

Total
86,737

 

 

 
86,737

Short-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial paper
14,782

 
5

 

 
14,787

Corporate bonds
13,490

 

 
(11
)
 
13,479

Asset-backed securities
1,235

 
 
 
 
 
1,235

U.S. government agencies
127,660

 

 
(42
)
 
127,618

Total
157,167

 
5

 
(53
)
 
157,119

Long-term investments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset-backed securities
5,091

 
2

 

 
5,093

U.S. government agencies
29,501

 

 
(71
)
 
29,430

Corporate bonds
11,243

 

 
(41
)
 
11,202

Total
45,835

 
2

 
(112
)
 
45,725

Total
$
289,739

 
$
7

 
$
(165
)
 
$
289,581



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Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The following table shows the changes to accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the six months ended June 30, 2017 (in thousands):

 
Unrealized Gain (Loss), net on Investments
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
(156
)
Change in net realized gain (loss) on investments
(80
)
Amounts reclassified for net realized gain (loss) included in net income
2

Other comprehensive income (loss), net
(78
)
Balance at June 30, 2017
$
(234
)

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the fair value of the Company's available-for-sale securities measured on a recurring basis, excluding cash and money market funds:

 
June 30, 2017
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
Commercial paper
$

 
$
3,245

 
$

 
$
3,245

U.S. government agencies

 
137,709

 

 
137,709

Corporate bonds

 
53,264

 

 
53,264

Asset-backed securities

 
3,471

 

 
3,471

Total
$

 
$
197,689

 
$

 
$
197,689


 
December 31, 2016
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
Commercial paper
$

 
$
28,378

 
$

 
$
28,378

U.S. government agencies

 
157,048

 

 
157,048

Corporate bonds

 
24,681

 

 
24,681

Asset-backed securities

 
6,328

 

 
6,328

Total
$

 
$
216,435

 
$

 
$
216,435


There were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, as determined at the end of each reporting period.



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Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The following summarizes the fair value of securities classified as available-for-sale by contractual, or effective, maturity:

 
June 30, 2017
 
Mature within One Year
 
After One Year through Two Years
 
Over Two Years
 
Fair Value
 
(in thousands)
Commercial paper
$
3,245

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,245

U.S. government agencies
118,057

 
15,256

 

 
133,313

Corporate bonds
25,978

 
15,169

 
12,117

 
53,264

Asset-backed securities
2,622

 
850

 

 
3,472

Total
$
149,902

 
$
31,275

 
$
12,117

 
$
193,294

Derivative Financial Instruments
Derivative financial instruments are utilized by the Company to reduce foreign currency exchange risks. The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the impact of foreign currency fluctuations of certain non-U.S. dollar denominated asset positions, primarily cash and accounts receivable. These contracts are recorded within prepaid expenses and other current assets or accrued liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Gains and losses resulting from currency exchange rate movements on these forward contracts are recognized in other income (expense) in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations in the period in which the exchange rates change and offset the foreign currency gains and losses on the underlying exposure being hedged. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

At June 30, 2017, the Company had two outstanding forward contracts with notional amounts of 7 million Euros and 4.8 million British Pounds, which expire on July 31, 2017. At December 31, 2016, the Company had two outstanding forward contracts with notional amounts of 7.6 million Euros and 4.6 million British Pounds, which expired on February 2, 2017. These forward contracts were entered into at the end of each month, and thus the fair value of these contracts was $0 at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016. These derivatives did not meet the criteria to be designated as hedges. These instruments were valued using Level 2 inputs.

The following summarizes the gains (losses) recognized in Other expense, net on the condensed consolidated statement of operations, from forward contracts and other foreign currency transactions:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Net loss from forward contracts
$
(865
)
 
$
552

 
$
(1,122
)
 
$
74

Other foreign currency transactions gain
733

 
(721
)
 
993

 
(274
)
Total foreign exchange gain (loss), net
$
(132
)
 
$
(169
)
 
$
(129
)
 
$
(200
)



12

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3.
Property and Equipment, Net

Property and equipment consists of the following:
                                                                                              
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Computer equipment
$
65,579

 
$
57,295

Computer software
20,107

 
19,716

Furniture, fixtures and equipment
3,966

 
3,425

Scanner appliances
14,434

 
14,776

Leasehold improvements
7,298

 
3,694

Total property and equipment
111,384

 
98,906

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
(68,616
)
 
(59,505
)
Property and equipment, net
$
42,768

 
$
39,401


Physical scanner appliances and other computer equipment that are or will be subject to subscriptions by customers had a net carrying value of $7.8 million and $8.3 million at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, including assets that have not been placed in service of $0.6 million and $1.3 million, respectively. Depreciation and amortization expense relating to property and equipment was $4.9 million and $3.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $9.6 million and $7.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 respectively.

NOTE 4.
Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net

Intangible assets consist primarily of existing technology and a patent license acquired in business combinations. Acquired intangibles are amortized on a straight-line basis over the respective estimated useful lives of the assets.

The carrying values of intangible assets are as follows (in thousands):

 
 
 
 
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Estimated Lives
 
Cost
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Book Value
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Book Value
Existing technology
7 years
 
$
1,910

 
$
(1,865
)
 
$
45

 
$
(1,728
)
 
$
182

Patent license
14 years
 
1,388

 
(672
)
 
716

 
(623
)
 
765

     Total intangibles subject to amortization
 
 
$
3,298

 
$
(2,537
)
 
761

 
$
(2,351
)
 
947

Intangible assets not subject to amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
40

 
 
 
40

     Total intangible assets, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
801

 
 
 
$
987


Intangibles amortization expense was $0.1 million for each of the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 and $0.2 million for each of the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.



13

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


As of June 30, 2017, the Company expects amortization expense in future periods to be as follows (in thousands):

Remainder of 2017
$
96

2018
100

2019
100

2020
100

2021
100

2022 and thereafter
265

Total expected future amortization expense
$
761


Goodwill, which is not subject to amortization, totaled $0.3 million as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.

NOTE 5.
Commitments and Contingencies

Leases

The Company leases certain computer equipment and its corporate office and data center facilities under non-cancelable operating leases for varying periods through 2028.

The following are the minimum annual lease payments due under operating leases at June 30, 2017 (in thousands):

Remainder of 2017
$
2,410

2018
5,902

2019
5,199

2020
4,874

2021
4,646

2022 and thereafter
26,133

Total minimum lease payments
$
49,164




14

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Rent expense was $2.4 million and $1.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and $4.3 million and $3.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Although certain of the operating lease agreements provide for rent free periods or escalating rent payments over the terms of the leases, rent expense under these agreements is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, starting when the Company takes possession of the property from the landlord. We record the difference between the recognized rent expense and the amounts payable under the lease as a short-term or long-term deferred rent liability. When we receive tenant allowances upon entering into certain leases, we record the allowances as short-term or long-term tenant allowance liability and amortize them using the straight-line method as a reduction to rent expense over the term of the lease.
As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had accrued $8.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of deferred rent related to these agreements, which is reflected in accrued liabilities and other non-current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets.

On October 14, 2016, the Company entered into a lease agreement (included in the table above) for its new headquarter office facility. The lease payments commence on May 1, 2018 and has a ten-year term through April 30, 2028. The total commitment of $38.6 million is payable monthly with escalating rental payments throughout the lease term. The Company took possession of the facility on May 1, 2017 and began construction of certain leasehold improvements. The Company recorded a tenant improvement allowance of $8.1 million.

Indemnifications
The Company from time to time enters into certain types of contracts that contingently require it to indemnify various parties against claims from third parties. These contracts primarily relate to (i) the Company's by-laws, under which it must indemnify directors and executive officers, and may indemnify other officers and employees, for liabilities arising out of their relationship, (ii) contracts under which the Company must indemnify directors and certain officers for liabilities arising out of their relationship, and (iii) contracts under which the Company may be required to indemnify customers or resellers from certain liabilities arising from potential infringement of intellectual property rights, as well as potential damages caused by limited product defects. To date, the Company has not incurred and has not recorded any liability in connection with such indemnifications.

The Company maintains director and officer insurance, which may cover certain liabilities arising from its obligation to indemnify its directors.

Contingencies
From time to time, the Company may have certain contingent liabilities that arise in the ordinary course of its business activities. The Company accrues a liability for such matters when it is probable a loss has been incurred and such loss can be reasonably estimated. At June 30, 2017, the Company has not recorded any material liabilities in accordance with accounting for contingencies.

NOTE 6.
Stock-based Compensation

Equity Incentive Plans
2012 Equity Incentive Plan

Under the 2012 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2012 Plan"), the Company is authorized to grant to eligible participants incentive stock options (“ISOs”), non-statutory stock options (“NSOs”), stock appreciation rights ("SARs"), restricted stock awards ("RSAs"), restricted stock units ("RSUs"), performance units and performance shares equivalent to up to 9,861,234 shares of common stock. Options may be granted with an exercise price that is at least equal to the fair market value of the Company's stock at the date of grant and are exercisable when vested. As of June 30, 2017, 2,459,834 shares were available for grant under the 2012 Plan.



15

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


2000 Equity Incentive Plan

Under the 2000 Equity Incentive Plan (the "2000 Plan"), the Company was authorized to grant to eligible participants either ISOs or NSOs. The 2000 Plan was terminated in connection with the closing of the initial public offering ("IPO"), and accordingly, no shares are currently available for grant under the 2000 Plan. The 2000 Plan continues to govern outstanding awards granted thereunder.

Stock-based compensation

The following table shows a summary of the stock-based compensation expense included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Cost of revenues
$
536

 
$
423

 
$
1,037

 
$
802

Research and development
1,505

 
1,493

 
2,726

 
2,788

Sales and marketing
1,129

 
1,389

 
2,213

 
2,638

General and administrative
3,277

 
2,017

 
4,803

 
3,791

Total stock-based compensation
$
6,447

 
$
5,322

 
$
10,779

 
$
10,019


As of June 30, 2017, the Company had $20.1 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested option awards that it expects to recognize over a weighted-average period of 2.6 years , and $33.8 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs that it expects to recognize over a weighted-average period of 2.8 years. Compensation cost is recognized on a straight-line basis over the service period. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.

Stock Option Plan Activity

A summary of the Company’s stock option activity is as follows:

 
Outstanding Options
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
 
Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (Years)
 
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
December 31, 2016
7,527,680

 
$
19.25

 
6.0
 
$
101,717

Granted
249,950

 
$
37.78

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(2,036,841
)
 
$
8.04

 
 
 
 
Canceled
(219,681
)
 
$
34.53

 
 
 
 
June 30, 2017
5,521,108

 
$
23.61

 
6.8
 
$
96,133

Vested and expected to vest - June 30, 2017
5,160,376

 
$
23.06

 
6.6
 
$
92,715

Exercisable - June 30, 2017
3,599,569

 
$
19.65

 
5.8
 
$
75,806




16

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


Restricted Stock

A summary of the Company’s RSU and RSA activity is as follows:

 
Outstanding RSUs and RSAs
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
587,333

 
$
28.85

Granted
828,958

 
$
38.32

Released
(112,065
)
 
$
28.24

Canceled
(73,411
)
 
$
31.27

June 30, 2017
1,230,815

 
$
36.14

Outstanding and expected to vest - June 30, 2017
1,058,449

 
$
35.18


NOTE 7.
Other Income (Expense), Net

Other income (expense), net consists of the following:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Foreign exchange gain (loss)
$
(132
)
 
$
(169
)
 
$
(129
)
 
$
(200
)
Other income (expense)
(48
)
 
(80
)
 
(77
)
 
(118
)
Other expense, net
$
(180
)
 
$
(249
)
 
$
(206
)
 
$
(318
)

NOTE 8.
Income Taxes

The Company recorded a tax provision of $2.2 million for each of the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016. The Company's effective income tax rate was approximately 23.1% and 38.5% for the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The Company recorded a tax benefit of $(11.7) million and a tax provision of $5.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The Company's effective income tax rate was approximately (66.7) % and 38.4 % for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

The tax provision for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016 was relatively flat. While the Company had higher taxable income in the three months ended June 30, 2017 we also had a greater amount of excess tax benefits related to stock based compensation to offset our tax provision expense. The impact of the higher taxable income offset by excess tax benefits was a lowered effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016.

The decrease in the tax provision for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016 and the decrease in the effective tax rate recorded for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily due to the discrete event of recognizing the excess tax benefits related to stock based compensation as required by ASU 2016-09.



17

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 as required on January 1, 2017. In following ASU 2016-09 the Company recognized a discrete tax benefit from excess tax benefits related to stock based compensation of $16.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and $18.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The standard will result in increased volatility in the Company's effective tax rate. In the first quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded a cumulative effect adjustment to increase retained earnings by $8.4 million with corresponding increase to deferred tax assets for the Federal and state net operating losses attributable to excess tax benefits from stock based compensation which had not been previously recognized as of January 1, 2017.

As of June 30, 2017, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $4.5 million, of which $2.6 million, if recognized, would favorably impact the Company's effective tax rate. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits of $4.1 million, of which $2.4 million, if recognized, would favorably impact the Company's effective tax rate.

The Company does not anticipate a material change in its unrecognized tax benefits in the next 12 months.

NOTE 9.
Segment Information and Information about Geographic Area

The Company operates in one segment. The Company’s chief operating decision maker is the Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, who makes operating decisions, assesses performance and allocates resources on a consolidated basis. All of the Company’s principal operations and decision-making functions are located in the United States. Revenues by geographic area, based on the location of the customer, are as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
United States
$
39,038

 
$
34,190

 
$
76,499

 
$
66,879

Foreign
16,264

 
14,276

 
31,924

 
27,835

Total revenues
$
55,302

 
$
48,466

 
$
108,423

 
$
94,714


Property and equipment, net, by geographic area, are as follows:

 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
United States
$
34,774

 
$
30,733

Foreign
7,994

 
8,668

Total property and equipment, net
$
42,768

 
$
39,401




18

Table of Contents
Qualys, Inc.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)


NOTE 10.
Net Income Per Share

The computations for basic and diluted net income per share are as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
7,202

 
$
3,538

 
$
29,132

 
$
8,321

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares used in computing net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
37,277

 
35,120

 
36,887

 
34,869

Effect of potentially dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock options
2,003

 
2,989

 
2,110

 
3,107

   Restricted stock units
255

 
34

 
210

 
12

Diluted
39,535

 
38,143

 
39,207

 
37,988

Net income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.19

 
$
0.10

 
$
0.79

 
$
0.24

Diluted
$
0.18

 
$
0.09

 
$
0.74

 
$
0.22


Potentially dilutive securities not included in the calculation of diluted net income per share because doing so would be antidilutive are as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Common stock options
1,261

 
3,892

 
1,307

 
3,540

Restricted stock units
9

 
10

 
6

 
20

 
1,270

 
3,902

 
1,313

 
3,560



Note 11. Subsequent Event

On August 1, 2017 the Company announced the acquisition of Pune-based Nevis Networks, expanding the Company’s domain expertise in passive scanning and deep packet inspection as well as accelerating its entrance into the mitigation and response segment, natively from the Qualys Cloud Platform. We expect the acquisition to close in our quarter ending September 30, 2017.


19

Table of Contents


Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, should be read in conjunction with (1) our condensed consolidated financial statements (unaudited) and the related notes included elsewhere in this report, and (2) the audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on February 24, 2017.

In addition to historical information, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act. Forward-looking statements generally relate to future events or our future financial or operating performance. In some cases, it is possible to identify forward-looking statements because they contain words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “contemplates,” “continue,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “future,” “intends,” “likely,” “may,” “plans,” “potential,” “predicts,” “projects,” “seek,” “should,” “target,” or “will,” or the negative of these words or other similar terms or expressions that concern our expectations, strategy, plans or intentions. Forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, but are not limited to, statements about:

our financial performance, including our revenues, costs, expenditures, growth rates, operating expenses and ability to generate positive cash flow to fund our operations and sustain profitability;
anticipated technology trends, such as the use of cloud solutions;
our ability to adapt to changing market conditions;
economic and financial conditions, including volatility in foreign exchange rates;
our ability to diversify our sources of revenues, including selling additional solutions to our existing customers and our ability to pursue new customers;
the effects of increased competition in our market;
our ability to innovate and enhance our cloud solutions and platform and introduce new solutions;
our ability to effectively manage our growth;
our anticipated investments in sales and marketing, our infrastructure, new solutions, and research and development, and acquisitions;
maintaining and expanding our relationships with channel partners;
our ability to maintain, protect and enhance our brand and intellectual property;
costs associated with defending intellectual property infringement and other claims;
our ability to attract and retain qualified employees and key personnel, including sales and marketing personnel;
our ability to successfully enter new markets and manage our international expansion;
our expectations, assumptions and conclusions related to our provision for income taxes, our deferred tax assets and our effective tax rate; and
other factors discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q in the sections titled Risk Factors” and Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

We have based the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q primarily on our current expectations and projections about future events and trends that we believe may affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects. The results, events and circumstances reflected in these forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors including those described in Part II, Item 1A (Risk Factors) of this Quarterly Report and those discussed in other documents we file with the SEC. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on the forward-looking statements used herein. We cannot provide assurance that the results, events, and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and actual results, events or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements.




20

Table of Contents

Overview

We are a pioneer and leading provider of cloud-based security and compliance solutions that enable organizations to identify security risks to their IT infrastructures, help protect their IT systems and applications from ever-evolving cyber-attacks and achieve compliance with internal policies and external regulations. Our cloud solutions address the growing security and compliance complexities and risks that are amplified by the dissolving boundaries between internal and external IT infrastructures and web environments, the rapid adoption of cloud computing and the proliferation of geographically dispersed IT assets. Our integrated suite of security and compliance solutions delivered on our Qualys Cloud Platform enables our customers to identify their IT assets, collect and analyze large amounts of IT security data, discover and prioritize vulnerabilities, recommend remediation actions and verify the implementation of such actions. Organizations use our integrated suite of solutions delivered on our Qualys Cloud Platform to cost-effectively obtain a unified view of their security and compliance posture across globally-distributed IT infrastructures.

IT infrastructures are more complex and more globally-distributed today than ever before, as organizations of all sizes increasingly rely upon a myriad of interconnected information systems and related IT assets, such as servers, databases, web applications, routers, switches, desktops, laptops, other physical and virtual infrastructure, and numerous external networks and cloud services. In this environment, new and evolving technologies intended to improve organizations’ operations can also increase vulnerability to cyber attacks, which can expose sensitive data, damage IT and physical infrastructures, and result in serious financial or reputational consequences. In addition, the rapidly increasing amount of data and devices in IT environments makes it more difficult to identify and remediate vulnerabilities in a timely manner. The predominant approach to IT security has been to implement multiple disparate security products that can be costly and difficult to deploy, integrate and manage and may not adequately protect organizations. As a result, we believe there is a large and growing opportunity for comprehensive cloud-based security and compliance solutions.

We designed our Qualys Cloud Platform to transform the way organizations secure and protect their IT infrastructures and applications. Our cloud platform offers an integrated suite of solutions that automates the lifecycle of asset discovery, security assessments, and compliance management for an organization’s IT infrastructure and assets, whether they reside inside the organization, on their network perimeter, on endpoints or in the cloud. Our solutions are designed to be delivered through the cloud and to be easily and rapidly deployed on a global scale across a broad range of industries, enabling faster implementation and lower total cost of ownership than traditional on-premise enterprise software products. Our customers, ranging from some of the largest global organizations to small businesses, are served from our globally-distributed cloud platform, enabling us to rapidly deliver new solutions, enhancements and security updates.

We were founded and incorporated in December 1999 with a vision of transforming the way organizations secure and protect their IT infrastructure and applications and initially launched our first cloud solution, Qualys Vulnerability Management (VM), in 2000. Our VM Solutions have provided a substantial majority of our revenues to date, representing 75% for the six months ended June 30, 2017.

We provide our solutions through a software-as-a-service model, primarily with renewable annual subscriptions. These subscriptions require customers to pay a fee in order to access our cloud solutions. We invoice our customers for the entire subscription amount at the start of the subscription term, and the invoiced amounts are treated as deferred revenues and are recognized ratably over the term of each subscription. We continue to experience significant revenue growth from existing customers as they renew and purchase additional subscriptions.

Our revenues increased to $108.4 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 from $94.7 million for the comparable period in 2016, representing an increase of $13.7 million or 14%.



21

Table of Contents

Key Metrics

In addition to measures of financial performance presented in our condensed consolidated financial statements, we monitor the key metrics set forth below to help us evaluate growth trends, establish budgets, measure the effectiveness of our sales and marketing efforts and assess operational efficiencies.

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands, except percentages)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
20,419

 
$
15,744

 
$
37,227

 
$
31,872

Percentage of revenues
37
%
 
32
%
 
34
%
 
34
%

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands)
Free cash flow
$
35,763

 
$
25,495


Adjusted EBITDA

We monitor Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure, to analyze our financial results and believe that it is useful to investors, as a supplement to U.S. GAAP measures, in evaluating our ongoing operational performance and enhancing an overall understanding of our past financial performance. We believe that Adjusted EBITDA helps illustrate underlying trends in our business that could otherwise be masked by the effect of the income or expenses that we exclude in Adjusted EBITDA. Furthermore, we use this measure to establish budgets and operational goals for managing our business and evaluating our performance. We also believe that Adjusted EBITDA provides an additional tool for investors to use in comparing our recurring core business operating results over multiple periods with other companies in our industry.

Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as net income before (1) other (income) expense, net, which includes interest income, interest expense and other income and expense, (2) provision for income taxes, (3) depreciation and amortization of property and equipment, (4) amortization of intangible assets, (5) stock-based compensation and (6) other non-recurring adjustments.



22

Table of Contents

The following unaudited table presents the reconciliation of net income to Adjusted EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands)
Net income
$
7,202

 
$
3,538

 
$
29,132

 
$
8,321

Other (income) expense, net 
(360
)
 
(40
)
 
(813
)
 
(208
)
(Benefit) provision for income taxes
2,167

 
2,214

 
(11,654
)
 
5,196

Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment
4,854

 
3,885

 
9,564

 
7,609

Amortization of intangible assets
109

 
109

 
219

 
219

Stock-based compensation
6,447

 
5,322

 
10,779

 
10,019

One-time tax related expense
$

 
$
716

 
$

 
$
716

Adjusted EBITDA (1)
$
20,419

 
$
15,744

 
$
37,227

 
$
31,872


(1) Adjusted EBITDA for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 excludes approximately $0.7 million of a non-recurring expense related to the remittance of payroll taxes from fiscal year 2013 through May 2016. During this same period, we have not excluded any amounts related to other non-recurring items from Adjusted EBITDA because we have considered such amounts to be immaterial in any given quarter during such period.

Free Cash Flow

We define free cash flow, a non-GAAP measure, as net cash provided by operating activities less purchases of property and equipment and capitalization of software development costs. We monitor free cash flow as a liquidity measure because we believe it provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash we generated, that, after the acquisition of property and equipment and capitalized software development costs, can be used for strategic opportunities, including investing in our business, making strategic acquisitions and strengthening the balance sheet. We also believe free cash flow provides an additional tool for investors to use in comparing our recurring core business operating results over multiple periods.

A limitation of using free cash flow as a means for evaluating liquidity is that free cash flow does not represent the total increase or decrease in cash and cash equivalents for the period because it excludes cash provided by or used in other investing and financing activities. In addition, it is important to note that other companies, including companies in our industry, may not use free cash flow, may calculate free cash flow in a different manner than we do, or may use other financial measures to evaluate their performance, all of which could reduce the usefulness of free cash flow as a comparative measure. A reconciliation of free cash flow to net cash provided by operating activities, the most directly comparable financial measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP, is provided below:

 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
 (in thousands)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
48,942

 
$
34,461

Less:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(13,179
)
 
(8,966
)
Free cash flow
$
35,763

 
$
25,495




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Limitations of Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash Flow

Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow, non-GAAP financial measures, have limitations as analytical tools, and should not be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for the measures presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect certain cash and non-cash charges that are recurring;
Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect income tax payments that reduce cash available to us;
Adjusted EBITDA excludes depreciation and amortization of property and equipment and, although these are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future;
Free cash flow does not represent the total increase or decrease in the cash and cash equivalents for the period; and
Other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow differently or not at all, which reduces their usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow should be considered alongside other financial performance measures, including revenues, net income, cash flows from operating activities and our financial results presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Key Components of Results of Operations

Revenues

We derive revenues from the sale of subscriptions to our security and compliance solutions, which are delivered on our cloud platform. Subscriptions to our solutions allow customers to access our cloud-based security and compliance solutions through a unified, web-based interface. Customers generally enter into one year renewable subscriptions. The subscription fee entitles the customer to an unlimited number of scans for a specified number of devices or web applications and, if requested by a customer as part of their subscription, a specified number of physical or virtual scanner appliances. Our physical and virtual scanner appliances are requested by certain customers as part of their subscriptions in order to scan IT infrastructures within their firewalls and do not function without, and are not sold separately from, subscriptions for our solutions. In some limited cases, we also provide certain computer equipment used to extend our Qualys Cloud Platform into our customers’ private cloud environment. Customers are required to return physical scanner appliances and computer equipment if they do not renew their subscriptions.

We typically invoice our customers for the entire subscription amount at the start of the subscription term. Invoiced amounts are reflected on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as accounts receivable or as cash when collected, and as deferred revenues until earned and recognized ratably over the subscription period. Accordingly, deferred revenues represent the amount billed to customers that has not yet been earned or recognized as revenues, pursuant to subscriptions entered into in current and prior periods.

Cost of Revenues

Cost of revenues consists primarily of personnel expenses, comprised of salaries, benefits, performance-based compensation and stock-based compensation, for employees who operate our data centers and provide support services to our customers. Other expenses include depreciation of data center equipment and physical scanner appliances and computer hardware provided to certain customers as part of their subscriptions, expenses related to the use of third-party data centers, amortization of third-party technology licensing fees and related maintenance support, fees paid to contractors who supplement or support our operations center personnel and allocation of overhead costs. We expect to continue to make capital investments to expand and support our data center operations, which will increase the cost of revenues in absolute dollars.



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Table of Contents

Operating Expenses

Research and Development

Research and development expenses consist primarily of personnel expenses, comprised of salaries, benefits, performance-based compensation and stock-based compensation, for our research and development teams. Other expenses include third-party contractor fees, amortization of intangibles related to prior acquisitions and allocation of overhead costs. All research and development costs are expensed as incurred. We expect to continue to devote substantial resources to research and development in an effort to continuously improve our existing solutions as well as develop new solutions and capabilities, which will increase research and development expenses in absolute dollars.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expenses consist primarily of personnel expenses, comprised of salaries, benefits, sales commissions, performance-based compensation and stock-based compensation for our worldwide sales and marketing teams. Other expenses include marketing and promotional events, lead-generation marketing programs, public relations, travel, software license and maintenance costs for sales-related software, and allocation of overhead costs. All costs are expensed as incurred, including sales commissions. Sales commissions are expensed in the quarter in which the related order is received and are paid in the month subsequent to the end of that quarter, which results in increased expenses prior to the recognition of related revenues. Our new sales personnel are typically not immediately productive, and the resulting increase in sales and marketing expenses we incur when we add new personnel may not result in increased revenues if these new sales personnel fail to become productive. The timing of our hiring of sales personnel, or the participation in new marketing events or programs, and the rate at which these generate incremental revenues may affect our future operating results. We expect to continue to significantly invest in additional sales personnel worldwide and also in more marketing programs to support new solutions on our platform, which will increase sales and marketing expenses in absolute dollars.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of personnel expenses, comprised of salaries, benefits, performance-based compensation and stock-based compensation, for our executive, finance and accounting, legal and human resources support teams, as well as professional services, insurance, fees, and allocation of overhead costs. We expect that general and administrative expenses will increase in absolute dollars, as we continue to add personnel and incur professional services to support our growth and compliance with legal requirements.

Other Income (Expense), Net

Our other income (expense), net consists primarily of interest and investment income from our short-term and long-term investments; foreign exchange gains and losses, the majority of which result from fluctuations between the U.S. dollar and the Euro, British Pound and Indian Rupee; and losses on disposal of property and equipment.

Provision for Income Taxes

We are subject to federal, state and foreign income taxes for jurisdictions in which we operate, and we use estimates in determining our provision for these income taxes and deferred tax assets. Earnings from our non-U.S. activities are subject to income taxes in the local country which are generally lower than U.S. tax rates, and may be subject to U.S. income taxes. Our effective rates differ from the U.S. statutory rate primarily due to foreign income subject to different tax rates than the U.S., research and development tax credits, deductible and non-deductible stock-based compensation expense and other adjustments.

Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the tax impact of timing differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using statutory tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and


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liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period when the statutory rate change is enacted into law.

We assess the likelihood that deferred tax assets will be realized, and we recognize a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion of the deferred tax assets will not be recognized. This assessment requires judgment as to the likelihood and amounts of future taxable income.

Sales Taxes

We present our revenues net of sales tax in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Results of Operations
The following tables set forth selected condensed consolidated statements of operations data for each of the periods presented.

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
55,302

 
$
48,466

 
$
108,423

 
$
94,714

Cost of revenues (1), (2)
12,153

 
10,260

 
24,447

 
19,811

Gross profit
43,149

 
38,206

 
83,976

 
74,903

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development (1), (2)
10,525

 
9,488

 
20,348

 
17,597

Sales and marketing (1), (2)
15,383

 
14,728

 
31,397

 
28,895

General and administrative (1), (2)
8,232

 
8,278

 
15,566

 
15,102

Total operating expenses
34,140

 
32,494

 
67,311

 
61,594

Income from operations
9,009

 
5,712

 
16,665


13,309

Other income (expense), net
360

 
40

 
813

 
208

Income before income taxes
9,369

 
5,752

 
17,478

 
13,517

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes
2,167

 
2,214

 
(11,654
)
 
5,196

Net income
$
7,202

 
$
3,538

 
$
29,132

 
$
8,321

____________________
(1) 
Includes stock-based compensation as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(in thousands)
Cost of revenues
$
536

 
$
423

 
$
1,037

 
$
802

Research and development
1,505

 
1,493

 
2,726

 
2,788

Sales and marketing
1,129

 
1,389

 
2,213

 
2,638

General and administrative
3,277

 
2,017

 
4,803

 
3,791

Total stock-based compensation
$
6,447

 
$
5,322

 
$
10,779

 
$
10,019


(2) 
We reclassified certain information technology expenses across the functions that benefit from their support. For the three months ended June 30, 2016, we reclassified $0.8 million out of general and administrative expenses. Of this amount we reclassified $0.2 million to cost of revenues, $0.3 million to research and development and $0.3 million to sales and marketing. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, we reclassified $1.4 million out of general and administrative expenses. Of this amount we reclassified $0.3 million to cost of revenues, $0.6 million to research and development and $0.5 million to sales and marketing.


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The following table sets forth selected condensed consolidated statements of operations data for each of the periods presented as a percentage of revenues.

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues
100
%
 
100
%
 
100
 %
 
100
%
Cost of revenues
22

 
21

 
23

 
21

Gross profit
78

 
79


77


79

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
19

 
20

 
19

 
19

Sales and marketing
28

 
30

 
29

 
31

General and administrative
15

 
17

 
14

 
16

Total operating expenses
62

 
67


62


65

Income from operations
16

 
12


15


14

Other income (expense), net
1

 
0

 
1

 
0

Income before income taxes
17

 
12


16


14

(Benefit from) provision for income taxes
4

 
5

 
(11
)
 
5

Net income
13
%
 
7
%

27
 %

9
%

Comparison of Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2017 and 2016

Revenues

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
Revenues
$
55,302

 
$
48,466

 
$
6,836

 
14
%
 
$
108,423

 
$
94,714

 
$
13,709

 
14
%

Revenues increased $6.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016, due to an increase in the purchase of subscriptions from existing customers and new customer subscriptions entered into after June 30, 2016. Of the total increase of $6.8 million, $4.8 million was from customers in the United States and the remaining $2.0 million was from customers in foreign countries. The growth in revenues reflects the continued demand for our solutions.

Revenues increased $13.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period a year ago, due to an increase in the purchase of subscriptions from existing customers and new customer subscriptions entered into after June 30, 2016. Of the total increase of $13.7 million, $9.6 million was from customers in the United States and the remaining $4.1 million was from customers in foreign countries.



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Cost of Revenues

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
Cost of revenues
$
12,153

 
$
10,260

 
$
1,893

 
18
%
 
$
24,447

 
$
19,811

 
$
4,636

 
23
%
Percentage of revenues
22
%
 
21
%
 
 
 
 
 
23
%
 
21
%
 
 
 
 
Gross profit percentage
78
%
 
79
%
 
 
 
 
 
77
%
 
79
%
 
 
 
 
    
Cost of revenues increased $1.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to increased depreciation expense of $0.9 million related to the expansion of our data centers, computer hardware, and software, and increased personnel expenses of $0.8 million to support continued growth of our business.

For the six months ended June 30, 2017, cost of revenues increased $4.6 million compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to increased personnel expenses of $1.9 million to support continued growth of our business; a $1.7 million increase in depreciation expense related to the expansion of our data centers, computer hardware, and software; increased overhead costs of $0.6 million; and increased third-party software license and maintenance expense of $0.3 million.

Research and Development Expenses

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
Research and development
$
10,525

 
$
9,488

 
$
1,037

 
11
%
 
$
20,348

 
$
17,597

 
$
2,751

 
16
%
Percentage of revenues
19
%
 
20
%
 
 
 
 
 
19
%
 
19
%
 
 
 
 

Research and development expenses increased $1.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to an increase in personnel expenses of $1.1 million, driven by the increase in the number of employees, and increased overhead costs of $0.3 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in consulting and temporary services of $0.3 million and a decrease in travel and training expenses of $0.1 million.

Research and development expenses increased $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period a year ago, primarily due to an increase in personnel expenses of $2.7 million, driven by the increase in the number of employees, and increased overhead costs of $0.6 million as we continue to grow. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in consulting and temporary services of $0.3 million, a $0.1 million decrease in travel expense, and a $0.1 million decrease in licenses and software costs. We continue to significantly invest in and expand our research and development teams to continuously improve our platform and existing solutions, as well as develop new solutions and capabilities.



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Table of Contents

Sales and Marketing Expenses

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
Sales and marketing
$
15,383

 
$
14,728

 
$
655

 
4
%
 
$
31,397

 
$
28,895

 
$
2,502

 
9
%
Percentage of revenues
28
%
 
30
%
 
 
 
 
 
29
%
 
31
%
 
 
 
 

Sales and marketing expenses increased $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to increased advertising and customer acquisition costs of $0.6 million; increased overhead costs of $0.4 million; and increased personnel expenses of $0.3 million, principally due to an increase in the number of employees. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in costs related to trade shows of $0.3 million and a decrease in consulting and temporary services of $0.2 million.

Sales and marketing expenses increased $2.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the six months ended June 30, 2016, primarily due to increased personnel expenses of $1.3 million, principally due to an increase in the number of employees; advertising and customer acquisition costs of $0.9 million; and overhead costs of $0.9 million. These increases were partially offset by a decrease in costs related to trade shows of $0.5 million and a decrease in consulting and temporary services of $0.2 million.

General and Administrative Expenses
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
June 30,
 
Change
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
2017
 
2016
 
$
 
%
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
General and administrative